Posted by Linda O'Brien on Aug 24, 2022
CHAIR   Roy Kaplan and guest speaker Les Marton
Rotary Club of Ile de Cayenne
French Guiana
District 7030
Members 11
President  -   Cedric Berton
Projects -   Back to School {stationery for disadvantaged children}, European Sustainable Development Week activities include Yana Clean Up Week, and assorted environmental seminars, demonstrations, displays and hands on activities.
Meet – Monday 6.30pm at Mercure Hotel Amazonia
After an interesting presentation of photos going from 1624 to current day  a toast was proposed to the club and its president.
PRESIDENT  Margaret Mason …gave a brief address and reminded the club that next weeks meeting is an evening meeting , the 7th September is the DG visit and she encouraged everyone to attend and the 14th September will be a club forum
SPEAKER    Les Marton      -    SUBJECT   History of Audio Recording
Les is a member of the RC of Monash and is our current Assistant Governor. Since 1982 Les has worked as an Audio Engineer , working in musical theatre, and bands and the likes of Kate Cerberano and still runs a recording studio in Baywater.
Les gave and interesting talk on his passion….accompanied by a selection of interesting items related to early audio.
A summary of the talk as follows:-
An interest in recording started  in the 1800s. Many pioneering attempts to record and reproduce sound were made during the latter half of the 19th century – notably Scott's phonautograph  of 1857 – and these efforts culminated in the invention of the phonograph  by Thomas Edison in 1877. Digital recording emerged in the late 20th century and has since flourished with the popularity of digital music and online streaming services.
Thomas Alva Edison, working in his lab, succeeds in recording Mary's Little Lamb Les indicated that it was thought that Edison was perhaps not a pleasant individual and that his fame came from enhancing others inventions
Tin foil cylinder came into use.
Clement Ader, using carbon microphones and armature headphones, accidentally produces a stereo effect.
Emile Berliner is granted a patent on a flat-disc gramophone, making the production of multiple copies practical.
Edison introduces an electric motor-driven phonograph.
          Columbia Records is formed
Marconi successfully experiments with his wireless telegraphy system in Italy, and the two way radio comes into being. The same system used on the Titanic
Valdemar Poulsen patents his "Telegraphone," recording magnetically on steel wire.
Celluloid cylinder is used..
Enrico Caruso is heard in the first live broadcast from the Metropolitan Opera, NYC.
Edison starts manufacturing disks and the first "talking movie" is demonstrated by Edison
The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is founded. It is owned in part by United Fruit.
The first commercial AM radio broadcast is made by KDKA, Pittsburgh PA.
Bing Crosby records his first record
"The Jazz Singer" is released as the first commercial talking picture
The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) is formed.
Alan Blumlein, working for Electrical and Musical Industries (EMI) in London, in effect patents stereo
Walt Disney's "Fantasia" is released, with eight-track stereophonic sound.
Commercial FM broadcasting begins in the U.S.
Ampex produces its first tape recorder, the Model 200.
RCA introduces the microgroove 45 rpm, large-hole, 7-inch record .
The "hot stylus" technique is introduced to disk recording....
The first commercial stereo disk recordings produced by Audio Fidelity.
Philips introduces the Compact Cassette tape format, and offers licenses worldwide.
The Dolby Type A noise reduction system is introduced.
Les was not very complimentary of this system as it failed to work on ordinary home appliances
CBS releases "Switched-On Bach," Walter (Wendy) Carlos's polyphonic multitracking of Moog's early music synthesizer.
Dr. Thomas Stockham begins to experiment with digital tape recording..
Digital tape recording begins to take hold in professional audio studios.
The lresentation ended with a word of warning from Les about listening to music with heads phones…….this will eventually lead to industrial deafness at an early age due to the high frequency
There were a number of questions from the floor and the talk was enjoyed by all